Oil Products

Naphta

It normally refers to a number of flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons, a component of natural gas condensate or a distillation product from petroleum, coal tar, or peat boiling in a certain range and containing certain hydrocarbons. It is a broad term covering among the lightest and most volatile fractions of the liquid hydrocarbons in petroleum. Naphtha is a colorless to reddish-brown volatile aromatic liquid, very similar to gasoline.

Naphtha is a feedstock destined either for the petrochemical industry (e.g. ethylene manufacture or aromatics production) or for gasoline production. It is also used in the petrochemical industry for producing olefins in steam crackers and in the chemical industry for solvent (cleaning) applications.

Fuel Oil

Fuel oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. Fuel oil is any liquid petroleum product that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat or used in an engine for the generation of power.

Gasoline

Diesel or diesel fuel in general is any fuel used in diesel engines. The most common is a specific fractional distillate of crude oil.

Base Oil
An oil to which other oils or substances are added to produce a lubricant.
Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups, called hydrocarbyls. Aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes), alkanes, alkenes, cycloalkanes and alkyne-based compounds are different types of hydrocarbons.

The majority of hydrocarbons found on earth naturally occur in crude oil, where decomposed organic matter provides an abundance of carbon and hydrogen which, when bonded, can catenate to form seemingly limitless chains.

Bitumen

Bitumen
It is a sticky, black and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product.

The primary use of bitumen is in road construction, where it is used as the glue or binder mixed with aggregate particles to create asphalt concrete

We mainly produce Bitumen with following grades :

  • 60/70
  • 85/100

Gas & Fertilizers

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas is a flammable mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles. LPG is prepared by refining petroleum or “wet” natural gas, and is almost entirely derived from fossil fuel sources, being manufactured during the refining of petroleum (crude oil), or extracted from petroleum or natural gas streams as they emerge from the ground.

Ethylene

It is a colorless flammable gas with a faint “sweet and musky” odor when pure.

Ethylene is widely used in chemical industry, and its worldwide production exceeds that of any other organic compound.

Polyethylene’s of various types consume more than half of world ethylene supply. Polyethylene, also called polythene, is the world’s most widely used plastic, being primarily used to make films used in packaging, carrier bags and trash liners.

Butadien 1,3

It is an important industrial chemical used as a monomer in the production of synthetic rubber. When the word butadiene is used, most of the time it refers to 1,3-butadiene.

Butadiene is used primarily as a chemical intermediate and as a monomer in the manufacture of polymers such as synthetic rubbers or elastomers, including styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), polybutadiene rubber (PBR), polychloroprene (Neoprene), and nitrile rubber (NR). In turn, these rubbers and their latexes are used to produce other goods and materials:

  • SBR and PBR are used to produce tires and plastic materials
  • Styrene-butadiene (SB) latex is used to produce carpet and paper coatings
  • Neoprene is used in gloves, wetsuits, waders and foams
  • Nitrile rubber is used in hoses, gloves, gaskets and seals
Butane 1

Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Butanes are highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefied gases.

Normal butane is mainly used for gasoline blending, as a fuel gas, either alone or in a mixture with propane, and as a feedstock for the manufacture of ethylene and butadiene, a key ingredient of synthetic rubber. Isobutane is primarily used by refineries to enhance the octane content of motor gasoline.

Granular Urea

It is a colorless, odorless solid, highly soluble in water and practically non-toxic. Urea is widely used in fertilizers as a convenient source of nitrogen. Urea is also an important raw material for the chemical industry.

More than 90% of world production of urea is destined for use as a nitrogen-release fertilizer. Urea has the highest nitrogen content of all solid nitrogenous fertilizers in common use. Therefore, it has the lowest transportation costs per unit of nitrogen nutrient.

Crushed Lump Sulfur

Sulfur occurs naturally as the pure element (native sulfur) and as sulfide and sulfate minerals. Elemental sulfur crystals are commonly sought after by mineral collectors for their distinct, brightly colored polyhedron shapes.

Elemental sulfur is used in black gunpowder, matches, and fireworks; in the vulcanization of rubber; as a fungicide, insecticide, and fumigant; in the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers; and in the treatment of certain skin diseases. The principal use of sulfur, however, is in the preparation of its compounds. The most important sulfur compound is sulfuric acid. Other important compounds include sulfur dioxide, used as a bleaching agent, disinfectant, and refrigerant; sodium bisulfite, used in paper manufacture.

Chemical Products

Styrene Monomer ( SM )

Styrene (vinyl benzene, styrene monomer SM) is a colorless to yellowish oily liquid with a distinctive aromatic odor. It is sparingly soluble in water but soluble in alcohols, ethers and carbon disulfide. This valuable monomer is flammable, reactive and toxic. Styrene Monomer is a light liquid. It has a low vapor pressure and high refractive index. It is chemically reactive and undergoes polymerization readily (by heat, light or peroxide catalysts). Polymerization results in volumetric shrinkage (17%) and exothermic heat (17.8 Kcal/mole).

Styrene Monomer is most commonly used in the production of valuable styrene homopolymers and copolymers, which are either solid (SPS) or expandable (EPS). Some SPS grades are used for the production of disposable transparent containers and EPS grades are useful in the fabrication of blocks for thermal insulation and boxes for vegetables and fruits. High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS) is polystyrene blended with rubber for better mechanical properties useful in the production of dairy products, packaging materials and sheets. The copolymers of SM with butadiene and/or acrylonitrile create valuable products combining characteristics of synthetic rubbers and strong plastics.

Acetic Acid

It is one of the world’s most important chemicals and is a key raw material for the production of vinyl acetate monomer, acetic anhydride and the acetate esters.

Acetic acid is also used in the production of purified teraphthalic acid (PTA), which in turn is used to manufacture polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PET finds applications in the packaging, photographic film and magnetic tape sectors, polyester fibers (for polyester/cotton clothing blends) and bottles forwater and soft drinks, spirits, salad dressing as well as food trays and cups.

Caustic Soda

It is used in a wide range of applications part of our daily lives. Produced by the electrolysis of salt brine, Vinythai’s Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide, is a strong base soluble in water. Vinythai produces and supplies caustic soda in liquid form (aqueous solution) available on a wide industrial scale and commercially available as 32% and 50% concentration under the main quality international standard.

Ethanol Amine

It also called 2-aminoethanol or monoethanolamine (often abbreviated as ETA or MEA), is an organic chemical compound that is both a primary amine and a primary alcohol.

MEA is used in aqueous solutions for scrubbing certain acidic gases. It is used as feedstock in the production of detergents, emulsifiers, polishes, pharmaceuticals, corrosion inhibitors, chemical intermediates.

Polymers

Polyethylene

Polyethylene (abbreviated PE) or polythene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most common plastic. The annual global production is approximately 80 million tonnes. Its primary use is in packaging (plastic bag, plastic films, geomembranes, containers including bottles, etc.). Many kinds of polyethylene are known, with most having the chemical formula (C2H4)n. Thus PE is usually a mixture of similar organic compounds that differ in terms of the value of n.

Polystyrene

Eggs and dairy products, meat, fish and poultry, cold drinks or carry-out meals. All these products are safely packed with polystyrene packaging materials; by doing so spoilage of foods is prevented.

From refrigerators and air conditioners, to ovens and microwaves, from hand-held vacuum cleaners to blenders, polystyrene resins meet almost all end-product requirements. Polystyrene resins are safe and cost effective, with excellent appearance and functionality mainly due to easy-processing. Because of this almost 26 percent of the polystyrene demand is used in injection-molding, extrusion and thermoforming applications.

Some other usage of PS are in: Consumer Electronics, Construction, Medical, others.

Polypropylene

It is used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationary, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes. An addition polymer made from the monomer propylene, it is rugged and unusually resistant to many chemical solvents, bases and acids.

Polycarbonate

This material is formed by a condensation polymerization resulting in a carbon that is bonded to three oxygens. The most common system for this polymerization is formed by a reaction of bisphenol A and phosgene. Applications of polycarbonate are almost always those which take advantage of its uniquely high impact strength and its exceptional clarity. These unique properties have resulted in applications such as bulletproof windows, break resistant lenses, compact discs, etc.

Some other usage of PC are: Electrical/Electronic Applications, Automotive Applications, General Purpose, Medical/Health-care Applications, Housings, Appliances, Sporting Goods, Business Equipment, Industrial Applications, Electrical Parts.

ABS Plastic

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is a common thermoplastic. ABS combines the strength and rigidity of acrylonitrile and styrene polymers with the toughness of polybutadiene rubber. While the cost of producing ABS is roughly twice the cost of producing polystyrene, it is considered superior for its hardness, gloss, toughness, and electrical insulation properties.

ABS’s light weight and ability to be injection molded and extruded make it useful in manufacturing products such as drain-waste-vent (DWV) pipe systems, musical instruments (recorders, plastic clarinets, and piano movements), golf club heads (due to its good shock absorbance), automotive trim components, automotive bumper bars, medical devices for blood access, enclosures for electrical and electronic assemblies, protective headgear, whitewater canoes, buffer edging for furniture and joinery panels, luggage and protective carrying cases, small kitchen appliances, and toys, including Lego bricks.

PVC

It is used in construction because it is more effective than traditional materials such as copper, iron or wood in pipe and profile applications. It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. In this form, it is also used in clothing and upholstery, electrical cable insulation, inflatable products and many applications in which it replaces rubber.

PET

Polyethylen Teraphthalat ( PET ) is commonly used for carbonated beverage, water bottles and many food products. PET provides very good alcohol and essential oil barrier properties, generally good chemical resistance (although acetones and ketones will attack PET) and a high degree of impact resistance and tensile strength. The orienting process serves to improve gas and moisture barrier properties and impact strength. This material does not provide resistance to very high temperature applications—max. temp. 200 °F